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Text and Context

Chris Campbell

It started a year ago with the lead up to Podcamp 2014 and Battledecks. There was some playful boasting and jabs leading up to the competition. Battledecks is an improvisational presentation based on a topic and slide deck that is randomly chosen. I hadn't seen a competition before and it sounded fun, so I signed up and started interacting with the participants on Twitter. One of the participants was @KVTknits who is Katherine Victoria Taylor. At lunch at Alderney Landing just before the Battledecks competition I met her and was a bit nervous as she was funny and an experienced improviser.

In the competition I was lucky and went last which resulted in an audience warmed up by the other competitors. I got a high five from Katherine as I left the stage and felt good improvising to a receptive audience. It worked to my advantage and from the applause at the end it turned out I won. Afterwards I chatted with Katherine about comedy and improv and later followed her on Twitter (which I forgot to do earlier). Through tweets I saw other things she did that were part of her Twitter bio which reads, "Disabled bookbinder letterpress printer and improviser My mum has 9 cats but I only have 1".

In March of 2014 she organized a conference for youth leaders in the chronic illness community and she asked if I could conduct a workshop and I did a session on storytelling. The conference was inspiring, fun, and went well. It was neat to see a diverse group of people and connect with a community that I hadn't known much about before. The Twitter interactions continued throughout the year and as the initial rumblings about Podcamp 2015 started I thought that it would be good to do another session.

Michelle Doucette takes a picture of Tracey Boyer and Carman Pirie introducing Podcamp 2015.

Podcamp is a great event organized by committed volunteers that started in 2009 at Alderney Landing in Dartmouth in 2009. It's a great gathering of the tech community of Halifax to talk about social media and technology. At the first one I did a session based on a blog post constructed out of 140 character or less paragraphs (a seven tweet blog post) called small, specific, and real. I didn't make it to the 2010 event and in 2011 did a session about Twitter and coffee and oatmeal. In 2012 it was a session about creating a tumblelog, and in 2013 it was about Quantifying Yourself.

After four sessions solo it was time to do things a bit differently and I teamed up with my friend Kendra to do a session about managing who you follow on Twitter and Pruning Your Twitter Garden was a lot of fun and was energizing too. It's great to collaborate and work with other people to present and share things that they care about. For this year I thought it would be neat to think of something to do with Katherine and we started to brainstorm.

Collaboration is the key to filmmaking and many other things. It's a great way to work as you share who you are, your skills and add them with what other people bring. Then you do something that hopefully is interesting and starts a conversation or more collaboration. Social media does this well. We shared ideas, ate burgers, laughed, and a description and title emerged – "Text and Context." It was specific enough for a general idea and vague enough to allow for flexibility as Podcamp approached.

Katherine Printing in the Dawson Printshop

The Dawson Printshop is a wonderful part of NSCAD University that focusses on letterpress printing and bookbinding and they are the home of the Letterpress Gang, with Joe Landry as the leader of the gang. Katherine tweets about Joe often and it was so nice to go to a gathering of the gang on a Monday night in December to see the magic of printing with movable type. The workshop for Podcamp took a more tangible form with ideas for talking about words and Twitter and printing and books. Maybe we could even print some tweets that inspired us and bring a small parlour press for a demo?

The next planning meeting happened at Joe's house when Katherine invited me over. On a chilly day I warmed up and sat on Joe's couch as Joe and Katherine shared some of the rare books that Joe has collected over the years. We were handling them with our bare hands and it was kind of amazing. There was a book by Aldus Manutius which is five centuries old. A nifty almanac with a pencil in it and an amazing tiny book that is one of the Gnostic Gospels which would make it about two millennia old. Joe was allowing Katherine to share some of these valuable books from his collection with the session participants.

The final prep for Podcamp was a fun time for me in the Dawson Printshop with Katherine and Joe. Katherine set a tweet from her and a tweet from me and she was going to print cards up to give out to the participants. Printing is a skill requiring patience and attention to detail. It is great to see a craft practiced by those who care about it. After the type was set I was able to turn the crank a bit and print some of the cards too. Seeing the words on the page as the ink dried changes the context and the meaning. There is a sense of permanence in moving from pixels to paper.

Whether it is a tweet or a book or a letter, they are containers for stories that we share. Those stories reveal things about ourselves and connect us to each other. Words are strange and amazing things. Tiny marks on paper or a screen, we translate those marks with our brains and they can go right to our hearts. The small interactions that happen every day on Twitter can inspire and help us, give us a little boost when we are down and give us opportunities to help each other get through hard times.

Cards and beautiful, old books.

At the heart of any good workshop or session or story is something we care about and that is what we share. So for me and Katherine it seemed to be that the workshop would make the connection between words and the way that we share them and connect to each other. In our prep we thought about the ways social media are good. It can organize people and get them out to make a difference.

On August 14, 2014 Allison Sparling, Evey Hornbeck, and Katherine organized a positive response to a group of anti-choice activists who were holding up signs and protesting around the city. The campaign used the theme of "Pro Love" with the hashtag #prolove and used signs with positive messages and images of hearts. It got some great media coverage and more importantly got all sorts of people out and created a positive tone around the idea of women having choices about their own bodies. The signs were colourful and there was a burst of happy tweets and smiling faces around the whole event. This is the power of social media, words, and print in the world. It's inspiring and wonderful.

All the elements of the workshop were there with printed cards and a parlour press to print more cards on the day, we had a structure to improvise within. One of the fun things was that we had books, paper, markers, ink, and a press. No slide decks or more modern technology which was kind of liberating. Scheduled in the first slot of the morning, Katherine and Kristen (known as her bf on Twitter if you have been following there) brought the press and books in and set them up. The small room filled up after Podcamp kicked off and we had a great time talking about meeting on Twitter (and according to ThinkUp, Katherine is my "Twitter bestie" for 2014) and how amazing books and printing are. It was a lot of fun and I am so glad I had the chance to share in the experience.

Chris Campbell and Katherine Victoria Taylor

My Twitter Garden

Chris Campbell

Podcamp Halifax is a great event (an unconference) that happens every year in Halifax that is built around social media. It's a day for members of the community to assemble and share their knowledge. Over the past few years I've presented a bunch of sessions and usually get things organized by writing a draft blog post and then fine-tuning the presentation. My friend Kendra (@halifaxfilmgal) is a Twitter power user and I though that it would be great to do something with her and that's how Pruning Your Twitter Garden came about. It was a lot of fun to do and you can look at a slightly-annotated version of the slides we used.

Kendra and I actually met through a combination of real-life and Twitter. I was explaining Twitter to my friend Rachel in a cafe and Kendra was sitting at the next table. After I finished the explanation she complimented me on it and asked what my Twitter name was. We started following each other and have been friends and film-going pals since then. The Podcamp presentation was a great way to come full-circle and to share some of the insights that we've gained over the years.

How can you keep track of everything that zips by on Twitter? In some ways you really can't, but by looking carefully at who you follow and how you organize things it can help keep track of what is going on in the world. For the first few years of Twitter (I started in October of 2006) the rule that I developed was to not follow more than 99 people. That worked well as it meant that everyone who was there meant something to me. They were also mostly virtual as there were even fewer people there who I had met in person.

As Twitter grew in popularity it also meant that there were a lot more local people there and I started to follow them and the 99 grew into the triple digits. So the numerical barrier was replaced with a looser rule and in my mind I thought about having all of the followers in a room or a theatre. If they could fit into a reasonably intimate venue, that would be ok. Now there are over 400 people that I follow, so that is a good size room (and about the capacity of Podcamp Halifax).

The fundamental rules are mostly the same. They should be real people and not bots. They should post words and not a stream of links, and there should be some sort of engagement. That keeps it manageable and I still have a pretty good idea with every tweet of who wrote it and why I am following them. The garden is planted and I let it grow, not pruning very frequently and usually agonizing over whether to unfollow someone or not.

Keeping track of stats and the number of people following isn't that interesting to me, so I don't use a lot of analytics stuff, but there is a new service that just launched that I am really liking. It's called ThinkUp and it goes through Twitter (and Facebook if you add it) to figure out how you are interacting with people. Instead of a pile of raw numbers, it provides more humane and personal advice about what tweets received the most interaction and when the best time to say something important based on when people interact with you the most. It's a paid service (about $50 a year) and it seems like something that will be useful for me and you can get a glimpse of my ThinkUp page to see the kind of information it provides.

But what do you do when you have a bit more of an organizational system in place? That's where lists come in. The great thing about a list is that you don't need to follow someone to have them on a list. So if there are certain topics or certain people you want to check in on every now and then without them filling up your timeline, a list is the perfect way to organize them.

In the same way that Twitter really becomes a different thing for everyone depending on who they are following, the way that you interact with Twitter can be a much different experience depending on the client that you use. My core Twitter client is Iconfactory's wonderful Twitterrific on my iPhone, iPad, and my MacBook Pro. It syncs my position in the timeline through iCloud or Tweet Marker and allows me to search, save searches, and filter what I see based on replies, direct messages, or favourites. There are also easy ways to share tweets and links through various other services such as Instapaper and Pinboard as well as email and text.

The other very useful feature with Twitterrific is the ability to search for words or hashtags and then save that search. It's a great way to follow what is happening and be able to quickly find out what is current with that topic or hashtag. You can also turn on notifications which will give you a configurable notice about something (like a new follower, a reply, a retweet, or a favourite) whenever it happens. There is also a Today view that gives you a quick summary of the new followers, favourites, and retweets for the day.

In the latest update to Twitterrific for iOS they added list creation and management features. That means you can now click on the avatar for someone and then manage them in lists. So you can quickly add someone to a list and be able to keep track of them without needing to follow them. You can also create new lists, make the public or private, or delete them.

The ephemeral nature is what works really well with Twitter as you don't feel as if you have to read every tweet. But sometimes you do want to be able to go back and don't want to download your whole archive to be able to do that. Luckily there are some services that will save it all for you. There are two that I use and love: Pinboard, and Tweet Library.

Pinboard is Maciej Cegłowski's minimalist, powerful bookmarking service that lets you save links and tag them to find things later. It's a paid service (just over $10 to sign up) and if you want to have an archive of the sites that you bookmark, for $25 a year you can add that service which is great for when sites change dramatically or disappear. But the more relevant feature for Twitter archiving is that you can set up Pinboard so all of your public tweets (as well as links in those tweets) are archived. That provides a great way to save what you said in an easily searchable way over time. That only works going forward after you set it up though, so for tweets that are older, you need to rely on your Twitter archive for that. On your settings page on the Twitter web site you can request your Twitter archive to get a collection of all of your tweets from the beginning in a neat, offline, collection.

If you want something dedicated more directly to preserving your tweets you can use Manton Reece's iOS app Tweet Library (which has an online equivalent named Watermark). I use Tweet Library on my iPad it provides a permanent archive of all of your tweets. When you start out you can import your Twitter archive and then it will download all of the newer tweets that you make. Then you have your whole archive, searchable and organizable all in one place.

The very neat part of Tweet Library is how you can organize your tweets and then share them on the Tweet Library site or via Storify. It's great for preserving discussions and sharing them. Creating a collection lets you select tweets, group them, and then share them online to a companion web site. If you don't want to use the iOS app you can subscribe to the Watermark service ($4 a month for a year of tweets or $10 a month for unlimited) which permanently stores all of your own tweets, and with the two levels allows you to create and share collections of tweets from anyone.

An alternative way to create a customized timeline that you can share is through Twitter's Tweetdeck application (or web version). Using Tweetdeck you can add individual tweets or filter them based on users, search terms, content, or hashtags. Then that customized timeline (which can also be updating itself in real-time) can be shared as a page or embedded on another page. It's a great way to set up a timeline for keeping track of events or discussions as they occur and it does look as though it will be the recommended way to share and embed customized content from Twitter.

Twitter is something that is public and personal. A configurable semi-public space where you can share and interact in ways that work for you. I love being there and the connections that it allows me to have with people from around the world and in my neighbourhood. It's a a lovely garden to spend time in.

Quantifying Yourself

Chris Campbell

Tracking what you do is a bit narcissistic when you do it, but in narcissism there is also some honesty. There is a level of courage in sharing information about yourself. You are taking a risk and letting folks know what you are up to and what you are doing. I love it when people are honest and courageous and it can help you start to do things and change the way that you do things.

There are a few different reasons why. The short answer is that we don't really need to do any of this, but if we do it provides a bit of perspective on who we are and what we do over time. You may be able to find the connection between how much you walk and how much you weigh. Then that knowledge can give you a little push to start walking a little bit more. Then that can lead to keeping track of how much you sleep and how it affects your mood. For a certain type of personality it can mean the start of a whole lot of data collection.

There are a few different reasons why. The short answer is that we don't really need to do any of this, but if we do it provides a bit of perspective on who we are and what we do over time. You may be able to find the connection between how much you walk and how much you weigh. Then that knowledge can give you a little push to start walking a little bit more. Then that can lead to keeping track of how much you sleep and how it affects your mood. For a certain type of personality it can mean the start of a whole lot of data collection. Every year at Podcamp there are a group of people who meet, connect and share things that they are interested in and know about. It's wonderful to go and see the folks there. It's scary to stand up in front of a group of talented people you admire and share something, but for me it's also energizing. The scared introvert is encouraged by the hidden extrovert who emerges when a room full of people looks at them.

In that spirit I stood in front of people in a tiny room and explained why I keep track of certain things in my life. It's broadly part of the Quantified Self movement which grows out of a desire to track things in order to see patterns and make change in your life. It goes back to marking heights on door frames to see how we grow or in keeping diaries or journals. But now we have a wide array of electronic devices and services that make it almost effortless to keep track of lots of this information. I love it.

My top artists on

I think that the first place where I started to do this was with Last FM which would use a plugin in iTunes to keep track of the music that you actually listened to. What you tell people you listen to and what you actually listen to are different things. When we share what we watch and listen to we are constructing an ideal self. You want people to respect and admire you and maybe they won't if they know that you are partial to cheesy pop songs. But in keeping track of what we actually listen to instead of what we think people listen to can help in discovering new things that we wouldn't think that we like. The sophisticated algorithms that Last FM uses to suggest new music has opened up whole new musical worlds for me. It works with Amazon and Netflix too on all sorts of levels.

Tracking things can be good, but you need a context for it and having goals is one of the best ways to use tracking as a way to provide a way to measure your progress toward those goals. The wonderful community 43 Things made a big difference to me. It's the place where I shared 5 things that I was grateful for every day, it's where I practiced yoga every day for a month, and it's where I connected with some of my favourite online people. One of the neat people I've followed online since then is Buster Benson who continues to make interesting things that spur me on.

Places Where I Set My Goals

While I'm still active on 43 Things I now keep track of my goals more using an app called Lift and more informally with a service called Peabrain. It's a simpler way to check off what I have done or who I've hung out with and it keeps me focussed on what is important.

Stats on 750 Words

Buster's 750 Words site is a place that I visit every day to write things down. It can be anything (and the first draft of this is being written on that very site) with the main point being to just to write. At this point there are over half a million words that I've written over hundreds of days. It's neat to see that and it also provides a space and time to sit and reflect. Not a lot of time, but just enough to keep the wheels turning and the fingers typing on the keyboard.

When I started biking in a more serious way and I had an iPhone it became obvious that I'd need to use this wonderful device to keep track of how far I was biking and where. I started out using an app called Cychosis which is great. The app is a bit too much for me though and when I found Xtrail from Sophiestication I switched to it and that's what I use now. The goal that I established for each year (mainly during the summer) is to bike 1000 km and I've been able to achieve it a few times. Maybe I'll raise it to 1500 km next year as it's good to have a challenge.

The data itself is just the starting point. The real power and changes come from you when you interpret it. What does it all mean to you? It's not like you are trying to sell things to yourself, but on one level, that's exactly what it is. You can use the data to make a positive change in your life.

The goals don't have to be very specific, but specific goals help. The larger goals are broader and harder to quantify. Things like being happier or healthier. Inside those big goals there can be small markers that indicate how far along we are. It's not a binary thing with happy/unhappy being the choice. It's easier to know where we are going when we can look at a map every now and then. Sometimes there is a broad outline of a map and we fill it in. Other times we create the map by walking or biking or having a daily routine. Over time we see the contours, shapes, and patterns. That is when we see the size of the territory we are in and chart our course. Where have we been? Where do we want to go?

Keeping track of your progress is a powerful thing. I'm inspired by Amelia Greenhall and how she figured out that the best way to be healthy and maintain your weight isn't by going on diets, but just by making some small changes and tracking things and giving yourself little rewards. I love that and it's something that I try to do now. It's a sensible and relatively easy way to change who you are by adding or subtracting things into your life.

It does involve technology, but the technology can be as simple as paper and pen. The key is to track things. You can measure height by drawing lines on a door frame. Or you can step on a wifi-enabled scale that syncs your weight every day. The tools can be fascinating, but they are not what is important. It's the act of consciously keeping track of what you are doing and how you feel about it that is important. The data that you track is significant because of the choices you make in what you want to remember.

My page on your.flowingdata

I use a service from Nathan Yau called Your Flowing Data. It receives direct messages from Twitter in a simple format and then collects the data. I keep track of films I watch, coffee, beer, wine and alcohol that drink. It's also a way that I keep track of how far I bike. Within those things that I track there are various levels of detail that I keep track of. For the beer I keep track of the amount by glass and then the type of beer based on who made it. That matters to me. For wine I don't care as much so I just keep track of whether it is red or white. With films I keep track of a bit more information using Your Flowing Data. I will record the name of the film along with the medium it is from (theatre, dvd, netflix) and where I've watched it (the specific theatre, the film festival, ipad, tv, or laptop). Then I can see how much I use each of those things.

That's how I know last year I watched 287 films, drank 542 cups of coffee, and that my favourite beer was Sea Level Brewing Blue Heron Extra Special Bitter (34% of the beer I drank). It's been a few years since I started using Your Flowing Data and now I don't even think about it. That's where I record stuff.

Tracking films probably doesn't make a huge change in my life, but two other specific sets of data have made a bigger difference. Seeing how much I walk every day or bike combined with my weight helped me push me a bit to be more active and to get out more. It's one thing to say that you want to be more active, but it is another thing to actually do it. I had a few pedometers that broke, so that wasn't really working for me and the apps that I found weren't that great. But the first thing that I kept with for a long time the cycling app on my iPhone. That allowed me to think of the goal of biking 1000 kms over a summer. Then I started weighing myself and the connection between being active and losing weight became clear. It gave me insight into how the combination of eating healthier food resulted in me feeling better and maintaining my weight. Eating chips would show up a few days later even if I was fairly active. So I made an adjustment and cut down on that and then I would keep a consistent weight.

Fitbit Dashboard

When I got a FitBit a year ago it became even easier. I didn't have to keep track of all of the steps every day. It showed how the location of a classroom where I was teaching would change the number of steps I took in a day significantly. I didn't realize how much I walked every day. The walking around work could be significant. Some days it was more steps than taking a walk around my town. Sometimes we don't see things unless we look and by tracking more things we can see things that we didn't even know where there. So now I keep track of a lot more things and while I don't know how I will use it all, I do have the data and that is kind of neat.